In the 21st century, an economic system based on knowledge and information is being established.
In the meantime, cities are expected to be transformed into new forms, not industrial cities centered on industry.
Previously, global cities like New York used to be models of cities, but now compact cities with distinct, cultural identities but international networks are emerging as new models.
One of the alternatives is Creative City.
In short, the Creative City is a city where creative people put their heads together and come up with creative ideas, and voluntarily try to solve local problems.
But the creative idea is not to be found in the universal solutions of urban development theory, central government policy, but in the history and cultural assets of the city, in the memories and experiences of the past.
Thus, a creative city is defined as "a city that seeks to promote sustainable development of the city based on cultural assets and creativity."
In general, Creative Cities were to solve the challenges facing them as industrial cities. This was the case, for example, in Malmo Sweden, which was a shipbuilding industrial city, and in Bilbao, Spain, which was a steel industry city.
When the major industries of the cities were on the verge of collapse, and the cities' economy was in trouble, they tried to solve the problem by taking advantage of the cities' cultural assets and creativity to move to Creative Cities.
The case of Jinju city is contrary to that.
Rather, the city that maintained its historical and cultural identity is experiencing an identity crisis due to the belated industrialization. So we have come to pursue a city where industry and culture are harmonized.
By bringing creative talent into the region for industrialization and fostering creative industries, the government intends to transform this city into one where industry and culture harmonize and foster new creative talent in the creative field.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) initiated the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in 2004 to sustain a cultural diversity at the local level while there had been a concern of cultural homogeneity by globalization.
The Network launched to develop the cultural industries and stimulate international exchange among cities.
180 cities from 72 countries have been designated as the UNESCO Creative Cities in the seven creative fields: Crafts and Folk Arts, Media Arts, Film, Design, Gastronomy, Literature and Music. 8 cities in Korea joined the UCCN: Seoul (Design, 2010), Icheon (Crafts and Folk Arts, 2010), Jeonju (Gastronomy, 2012), Busan (Film, 2014), Gwangju (Media Arts, 2014), Tongyeong (Music, 2015), Daegu (Music, 2017), Bucheon (Literature, 2014).
Jinju has been designated as UNESCO Crafts and Folk Art Creative City in October 30, 2019.